A millipede is a slow moving insect that mainly feeds on plants whether they are dead or alive. While they are oftentimes referred to as thousand leggers they tend to have between 36 to 400 legs. They can be found in your garden which becomes a big problem. They are usually anywhere from 2mm to 35 cm long. It is known that there are about 12,00 species of millipedes.
Millipedes are a very diverse species, as they range in size, number of legs, and their color/shading. They typically are blackish or brownish but they can also have red, orange or a mottled pattern. Millipedes have long cylindrical bodies, and resemble worms in both their body shape and slow crawling movement. Universally all millipedes have a pair of small antenna at the top of their head and are extremely common throughout the United States.
Millipedes are primarily nocturnal scavengers. They feed on just about anything they can find whether dead or alive. Their primary diet consists of decaying plants and dead insects they can find while crawling across the forest floor. During the fall seasons millipedes are known to migrate in huge numbers to avoid hot, dry weather and try to find more humid and moist environments. Which leads to millipedes trying to sneak into your garden and home.
There are over 1,000 known millipede species throughout the United States therefore they can be found in a wide variety of different environments across the country. Their favorite types of environments are those of high moisture, preferably with plenty of decaying vegetation to snack on. Millipedes are born for the wild, so they do not do well indoors, unless there are extremely high levels of moisture and a consistent food supply.
The number one way to prevent millipedes from invading your property is to reduce areas of moisture in and around your home. Dehumidifiers are a great option for keeping basements and crawl spaces free of moisture. Proper upkeep across your property will do wonders to prevent millipedes from invading your space. Make sure to store your firewood off the ground, remove any leaf piles that have gathered, and ensure to mow your lawn regularly to keep the grass from retaining too much moisture. Following these practices will keep your home from becoming an ideal habitat for millipedes to feed and breed. If you find yourself facing a large number of millipedes, do not hesitate to contact McDuffie Pest Control and schedule your free inspection.